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Who Invented Reverse Shoulder Replacement?

When it comes to undergoing any type of surgery most patients have many questions surrounding the procedure. Our goal is always to provide our patients with outstanding access to information. When you schedule an appointment with Dr. Kovack you will be afforded the opportunity for an evaluation of your specific problem and you will be provided with information about what options are available to you. As with any surgery, it is extremely important to seek the advice of a knowledgeable doctor before proceeding. During this process, you will likely have many questions and you will want to understand exactly what pros and cons exist with each surgery option.Remember, if you are looking for the right surgeon in Ohio for reverse total shoulder replacement, you should contact Dr. Kovack to schedule a consultation.

If you are contemplating reverse total shoulder replacement, it is wise to gather as much information about the procedure as you can before making any decisions. Recently, we delved into the difference between standard shoulder replacement and reverse total shoulder replacement. Today we want to take a step back in time and learn more about the history of this innovative procedure.

So, who was it that invented reverse shoulder replacement? Read on to find out exactly how this unique shoulder replacement solution came into existence.


Shoulder replacements have been around longer than one might think. Beginning in the 1800s, the first prosthetic shoulder arthroplasty was performed by a French surgeon named Jules Emile Pean. This shoulder replacement involved the use of platinum and rubber. According to the documented reports of this procedure, the patient did have improved strength and range of motion. Sadly, due to an infection the prosthesis had to be removed only two years later.

As time marched on, shoulder arthroplasty was virtually unmentioned and unused.The next major game changer for shoulder replacements was implemented by a surgeon named Charles Neer in 1950. Neer is credited with performing a simple, non-constrained humeral prosthesis.

Although science was advancing, surgeons still faced the dilemma of patients who had severely torn rotator cuffs. Standard shoulder replacements were not proving to be successful, so a new solution needed to be found.


Finally, in 1985 a breakthrough was made by Dr. Paul Grammont. This French surgeon is credited with the creation of reverse shoulder replacement. Focused on finding a way to help those with rotator cuff tears too severe for standard shoulder replacements, this innovative design literally reversed the orientation of the ball and socket.

Since 1985 reverse total shoulder replacement has been successfully used across the world. Europe has led the way with this procedure and the knowledge of these past procedures has been used to continually improve shoulder surgery for people across the globe.

If you are considering shoulder replacement surgery, but you do not fit the normal candidacy, this alternative to a standard shoulder replacement might be correct for you. One of the biggest factors taken into account when deciding upon the best surgery options for a patient is to determine the condition of the rotator cuff. Reverse shoulder replacement is best for candidates who have a severely torn rotator cuff. Remember, rotator cuffs are not always torn through one traumatic incident, they often tear over time. The first step towards discovering if this surgery is right for you is to consult with an experienced surgeon. Any surgical procedure comes with its own set of risks and benefits.It truly is important that you feel comfortable asking your surgeon any questions you have and that you are provided with a thorough evaluation. If you are interested in scheduling a consultation with Dr. Kovack, click here to get in touch. Dr. Kovack is an experienced reverse total shoulder replacement surgeon in Ohio.

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